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Infalling Young Clusters in the Galactic Centre: implications for IMBHs and young stellar populations

Petts, James and Gualandris, Alessia (2017) Infalling Young Clusters in the Galactic Centre: implications for IMBHs and young stellar populations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 467 (4). pp. 3775-3787.

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Abstract

The central parsec of the Milky Way hosts two puzzlingly young stellar populations, a tight isotropic distribution of B stars around SgrA* (the S-stars) and a disk of OB stars extending to 0.5 pc. Using a modified version of Sverre Aarseth’s direct summation code NBODY6 we explore the scenario in which a young star cluster migrates to the Galactic Centre within the lifetime of the OB disk population via dynamical friction. We find that star clusters massive and dense enough to reach the central parsec form a very massive star via physical collisions on a mass segregation timescale. We follow the evolution of the merger product using the most up to date, yet conservative, mass loss recipes for very massive stars. Over a large range of initial conditions, we find that the very massive star expels most of its mass via a strong stellar wind, eventually collapsing to form a black hole of mass 20−400M , incapable of bringing massive stars to the Galactic Centre. No massive intermediate mass black hole can form in this scenario. The presence of a star cluster in the central 10 pc within the last 15 Myr would also leave a 2 pc ring of massive stars, which is not currently observed. Thus, we conclude that the star cluster migration model is highly unlikely to be the origin of either young population, and in-situ formation models or binary disruptions are favoured.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Physics
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Petts, Jamesj.petts@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Gualandris, Alessiaa.gualandris@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2 February 2017
Identification Number : 10.1093/mnras/stx296
Copyright Disclaimer : This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, following peer review. The version of record J. A. Petts, A. Gualandris; Infalling young clusters in the Galactic Centre: implications for IMBHs and young stellar populations. Mon Not R Astron Soc 2017; 467 (4): 3775-3787. doi: 10.1093/mnras/stx296 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/467/4/3775/2966886
Uncontrolled Keywords : stars: winds – stars: evolution – stars: black holes – stars: massive
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 03 Feb 2017 11:03
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 19:06
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813445

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