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Dynamical evidence for a strong tidal interaction between the Milky Way and its satellite, Leo V

Collins, Michelle, Tollerud, EJ, Sand, DJ, Bonaca, A, Willman, B and Strader, J (2017) Dynamical evidence for a strong tidal interaction between the Milky Way and its satellite, Leo V Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 467 (1). pp. 573-585.

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Abstract

We present a chemodynamical analysis of the Leo V dwarf galaxy, based on Keck II DEIMOS spectra of 8 member stars. We find a systemic velocity for the system of hvr i = 170.9 +2.1 −1.9 km s−1 , and barely resolve a velocity dispersion for the system, with σvr = 2.3 +3.2 −1.6 km s−1 , consistent with previous studies of Leo V. The poorly resolved dispersion means we are unable to adequately constrain the dark matter content of Leo V. We find an average metallicity for the dwarf of [Fe/H]= −2.48 ± 0.21, and measure a significant spread in the iron abundance of its member stars, with −3.1 ≤[Fe/H]≤ −1.9 dex, which cleanly identifies Leo V as a dwarf galaxy that has been able to self-enrich its stellar population through extended star formation. Owing to the tentative photometric evidence for tidal substructure around Leo V, we also investigate whether there is any evidence for tidal stripping or shocking of the system within its dynamics. We measure a significant velocity gradient across the system, of dv dχ = −4.1 +2.8 −2.6 km s−1 per arcmin (or dv dχ = −71.9 +50.8 −45.6 km s−1 kpc−1 ), which points almost directly toward the Galactic centre. We argue that Leo V is likely a dwarf on the brink of dissolution, having just barely survived a past encounter with the centre of the Milky Way.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Physics
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Collins, Michellem.collins@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Tollerud, EJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sand, DJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bonaca, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Willman, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Strader, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 12 January 2017
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx067
Copyright Disclaimer : This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2017 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 27 Jan 2017 15:05
Last Modified : 09 Jun 2017 08:47
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813386

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