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A four-body model for the breakup of Borromean nucleus 22C.

Miyamoto, Tomokazu (2017) A four-body model for the breakup of Borromean nucleus 22C. Doctoral thesis, University of Surrey.

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Abstract

A Borromean system is a bound 3-body system where no 2-body subsystems are bound. In nuclear physics, a nucleus that can be modelled as a Borromean system is called a Borromean nucleus; 6 He and 11 Li are good examples of this. Recent research suggests that this Borromean nature should also be exhibited by 22 C, the heaviest-known carbon isotope. In this PhD thesis, a schematic approach is taken to study reactions involving Borromean nuclei. Hyperspherical formalism (HH) and coordinate space Faddeev (CSF) method are used for creating their 3-body bound state wave functions. We formulate the reactions of a Borromean nucleus with a stable target at incident energies ranging from tens of (MeV) to a few hundred (MeV); we adopt a 4-body reaction model to deepen our understanding of the reaction mechanism involving Borromean nuclei. The Glauber-WKB framework is used to describe these reactions, which is well-suited for these incident energies. Introducing Watson-Migdal final state interaction, we calculate the E1 strengths for Borromean nuclei so as to elucidate their breakup mechanism and we explore the possibility of the existence of a soft dipole mode. We also calculate the differential breakup cross sections to see how the post-collision interaction can have an impact on the cross sections. As far as 22 C is concerned, it is found that the reactions are mainly focused on the forward angle region, and the contributions from the higher order terms are not significant. This implies that the non-eikonal trajectories do not play a crucial role in the reaction mechanism. Also, both E1 distributions and breakup cross sections seem to sensitive to the 2n-separation energies of the bound state wave functions, but the E1 distributions and the cross sections to 1− continuum state seem not to be sensitive to the FSIs; cross sections to 0+ and 2+ continuum states seem to be sensitive to the FSIs. Our findings does not support the view that, if an soft dipole mode exists, it is induced by the FSIs.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects : Nuclear reaction theory, Physics
Divisions : Theses
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Miyamoto, TomokazuUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 28 February 2017
Funders : My family
Contributors :
ContributionNameEmailORCID
Thesis supervisorAl-Khalili, J.S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thesis supervisorBarbieri, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User : Tomokazu Miyamoto
Date Deposited : 09 Mar 2017 12:09
Last Modified : 09 Mar 2017 12:09
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813343

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