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Censored regression modelling to predict virus inactivation in wastewaters

Brainard, J, Pond, Katherine and Hunter, P (2017) Censored regression modelling to predict virus inactivation in wastewaters Environmental Science and Technology, 51 (3). pp. 1795-1801.

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Abstract

Among the many uncertainties presented by poorly studied pathogens is possible transmission via human faecal material or wastewaters. Such worries were a documented concern during the 2013 Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Using published experimental data on virus inactivation rates in wastewater and similar matrices, we extracted data to construct a model predicting the T90 (1 x log10 inactivation measured in seconds) of a virus. Extracted data were: RNA or DNA genome, enveloped or not, primary transmission pathway, temperature, pH, light levels and matrix. From the primary details, we further determined matrix level of contamination, genus and taxonomic family. Prior to model construction, three records were separated for verification. A censored normal regression model provided the best fit model, which predicted T90 from DNA or RNA structure, enveloped status, whether primary transmission pathway was faecal-oral, temperature and whether contamination was low, medium or high. Model residuals and predicted values were evaluated against observed values. Mean values of model predictions were compared to independent data, and considering 95% confidence ranges (which could be quite large). A relatively simple model can predict virus inactivation rates from virus and matrix attributes, providing valuable input when formulating risk management strategies for little studied pathogens.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Civil & Environmental Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Brainard, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pond, KatherineK.Pond@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Hunter, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 4 January 2017
Identification Number : 10.1021/acs.est.6b05190
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright 2017 ACS
Uncontrolled Keywords : wastewaters,, viruses,, inactivation,, faeces,, model,, censored regression
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 26 Jan 2017 13:59
Last Modified : 07 Jul 2017 10:27
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813200

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