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Circulation of a Simbu Serogroup Virus, Causing Schmallenberg Virus-Like Clinical Signs in Northern Jordan.

Abutarbush, SM, La Rocca, A, Wernike, K, Beer, M, Al Zuraikat, K, Al Sheyab, OM, Talafha, AQ and Steinbach, F (2015) Circulation of a Simbu Serogroup Virus, Causing Schmallenberg Virus-Like Clinical Signs in Northern Jordan. Transboundary and emerging diseases.

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Abstract

Schmallenberg virus (SBV)-like clinical cases of abortions in northern Jordan in early 2013, together with the emergence of SBV in Europe in 2011, its rapid spread within the following years and the detection of this virus in Turkey, raised questions about the distribution of SBV or related orthobunyaviruses. To evaluate the occurrence of SBV or related members of the Simbu serogroup of orthobunyaviruses in Jordan, bulk milk (cattle) and serum samples (cattle, sheep and goat) collected in northern Jordan in 2013 were first tested by commercially available SBV antibody ELISAs. Indeed, 3 of 47 bulk milk samples and 57 of 115 serum samples provided positive results, but SBV specificity of the ELISA results could not be confirmed by virus neutralization assays. Instead, subsequent cross-neutralization tests were able to further investigate the specificity of these antibodies. Here, a significant inhibition of Aino virus was observed. Thus, the causative agent was most likely a Simbu serogroup virus closely related to Aino virus. Consequently, these results confirm that members of this group of virus are not only present in Europe, Africa or Australia, but also in the Middle East.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Veterinary Medicine
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Abutarbush, SMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
La Rocca, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wernike, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beer, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Al Zuraikat, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Al Sheyab, OMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Talafha, AQUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Steinbach, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 30 December 2015
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12468
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2015 Blackwell Verlag GmbH • Transboundary and Emerging Diseases.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 15 Dec 2016 14:27
Last Modified : 15 Dec 2016 14:27
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813119

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