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Geometric Approach to the Perpendicular Thrust Case for Trajectory Optimization

Iorfida, E, Palmer, PL and Roberts, RM (2016) Geometric Approach to the Perpendicular Thrust Case for Trajectory Optimization Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 39 (5). pp. 1059-1068.

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For the case of impulsive thrust trajectories, Lawden’s primer vector theory gives a set of necessary conditions that determines if intermediate impulses have to be applied in order to obtain a fuel optimal trajectory. In this paper, a novel approach is presented in which, through the representation of the primer vector in polar coordinates, a separation of the in-plane and out-of-plane components occurs. This procedure gives a complete analytic solution for the out-of-plane component of the primer vector, which is shown to be independent of the semimajor axis of the transfer orbit. In the case where the initial and final thrusts are both perpendicular to the orbital plane, the optimality of the transfer arc is fully analyzed. The analytic correlations between the boundary conditions on the transfer orbit and the profile of the primer vector are derived. In particular, the novel approach allows the development of a simple procedure based on a graphical representation from which, given only the initial and final position vectors, the optimality of the transfer orbit can be determined.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Electronic Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering > Surrey Space Centre
Authors :
Iorfida, E
Palmer, PL
Roberts, RM
Date : May 2016
DOI : 10.2514/1.G001525
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2015 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved
Uncontrolled Keywords : Science & Technology, Technology, Engineering, Aerospace, Instruments & Instrumentation, Engineering
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 22 Nov 2016 15:18
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:57

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