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Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears.

Askew, C, Dunne, G, Özdil, Z, Reynolds, G and Field, AP (2013) Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears. Emotion, 13 (5). pp. 915-925.

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Abstract

Enhanced fear learning for fear-relevant stimuli has been demonstrated in procedures with adults in the laboratory. Three experiments investigated the effect of stimulus fear-relevance on vicarious fear learning in children (aged 6-11 years). Pictures of stimuli with different levels of fear-relevance (flowers, caterpillars, snakes, worms, and Australian marsupials) were presented alone or together with scared faces. In line with previous studies, children's fear beliefs and avoidance preferences increased for stimuli they had seen with scared faces. However, in contrast to evidence with adults, learning was mostly similar for all stimulus types irrespective of fear-relevance. The results support a proposal that stimulus preparedness is bypassed when children observationally learn threat-related information from adults.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Askew, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dunne, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Özdil, ZUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reynolds, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Field, APUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : October 2013
Identification Number : 10.1037/a0032714
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2016 APA, all rights reserved
Uncontrolled Keywords : Child Behavior, Cognition, Fear, Vicarious learning
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 11 Nov 2016 15:00
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:55
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812820

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