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Effect of vicarious fear learning on children's heart rate responses and attentional bias for novel animals

Reynolds, G, Field, AP and Askew, C (2014) Effect of vicarious fear learning on children's heart rate responses and attentional bias for novel animals Emotion, 14 (5). pp. 995-1006.

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Abstract

Research with children has shown that vicarious learning can result in changes to 2 of Lang's (1968) 3 anxiety response systems: subjective report and behavioral avoidance. The current study extended this research by exploring the effect of vicarious learning on physiological responses (Lang's final response system) and attentional bias. The study used Askew and Field's (2007) vicarious learning procedure and demonstrated fear-related increases in children's cognitive, behavioral, and physiological responses. Cognitive and behavioral changes were retested 1 week and 1 month later, and remained elevated. In addition, a visual search task demonstrated that fear-related vicarious learning creates an attentional bias for novel animals, which is moderated by increases in fear beliefs during learning. The findings demonstrate that vicarious learning leads to lasting changes in all 3 of Lang's anxiety response systems and is sufficient to create attentional bias to threat in children.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Reynolds, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Field, APUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Askew, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : October 2014
Funders : Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037225
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2014 The Author(s). This article has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s). Author(s) grant(s) the American Psychological Association the exclusive right to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Anxiety, Anxiety Disorders, Attention, Child, Fear, Female, Heart Rate, Humans, Learning, Male, Childhood anxiety, Vicarious learning, Modeling
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 11 Nov 2016 13:57
Last Modified : 11 Nov 2016 13:57
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812817

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