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Vicarious Learning of Children's Social-Anxiety-Related Fear Beliefs and Emotional Stroop Bias

Askew, C, Hagel, A and Morgan, J (2015) Vicarious Learning of Children's Social-Anxiety-Related Fear Beliefs and Emotional Stroop Bias Emotion, 15 (4). pp. 501-510.

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Abstract

Models of social anxiety suggest that negative social experiences contribute to the development of social anxiety, and this is supported by self-report research. However, there is relatively little experimental evidence for the effects of learning experiences on social cognitions. The current study examined the effect of observing a social performance situation with a negative outcome on children’s (8 to 11 years old) fear-related beliefs and cognitive processing. Two groups of children were each shown 1 of 2 animated films of a person trying to score in basketball while being observed by others; in 1 film, the outcome was negative, and in the other, it was neutral. Children’s fear-related beliefs about performing in front of others were measured before and after the film and children were asked to complete an emotional Stroop task. Results showed that social fear beliefs increased for children who saw the negative social performance film. In addition, these children showed an emotional Stroop bias for social-anxiety-related words compared to children who saw the neutral film. The findings have implications for our understanding of social anxiety disorder and suggest that vicarious learning experiences in childhood may contribute to the development of social anxiety.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Askew, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hagel, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Morgan, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : August 2015
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000083
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2015 American Psychological Association
Uncontrolled Keywords : Psychology, Childhood fear, Social anxiety, Vicarious learning, Observational learning, Emotional Stroop task
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 11 Nov 2016 11:36
Last Modified : 31 Jan 2017 14:03
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812811

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