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Disappointment expression evokes collective action: The moderating role of legitimacy appraisal and the mediating role of collective guilt after wartime

Solak, N, Tagar, MR, Cohen, S, Saguy, T and Halperin, E (2016) Disappointment expression evokes collective action: The moderating role of legitimacy appraisal and the mediating role of collective guilt after wartime Cognition and Emotion.

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Abstract

Research on intergroup emotions has largely focused on the experience of emotions and surprisingly little attention has been given to the expression of emotions. Drawing on the social-functional approach to emotions, we argue that in the context of intergroup conflicts, outgroup members’ expression of disappointment with one’s ingroup induces the complementary emotion of collective guilt and correspondingly a collective action protesting ingroup actions against the outgroup. In Study 1 conducted immediately after the 2014 Gaza war, Jewish-Israeli participants received information about outgroup’s (Palestinians) expression of emotions (disappointment, fear, or none). As predicted, outgroup’s expression of disappointment increased collective guilt and willingness to participate in collective action, but only among those who saw the intergroup situation as illegitimate. Moreover, collective guilt mediated the relationship between disappointment expression and collective action, moderated, again, by legitimacy perception. In Study 2, we replicated these results in the context of racial tension between Black and White Americans in the US. We discuss the theoretical and applied implications of the findings.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Sociology
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Solak, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tagar, MRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cohen, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Saguy, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Halperin, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 28 June 2016
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2016.1197098
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Uncontrolled Keywords : Emotion, Disappointment, Collective guilt, Collective action, Intergroup conflict
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 07 Nov 2016 10:50
Last Modified : 07 Nov 2016 11:18
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812761

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