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Wellbeing through Self-Fulfilment: Examining Developmental Aspects of Self-Actualization

Ivtzan, I, Thompson, H, Bernard, I, Sekhon, M and Hart, R (2013) Wellbeing through Self-Fulfilment: Examining Developmental Aspects of Self-Actualization The Humanistic Psychologist, 41 (2). pp. 119-132.

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Abstract

Self-actualization is described as an individual's expression of their full potential and a desire for self-fulfilment. It is the leading need in Maslow's hierarchical motivation theory (Maslow, 1943 Maslow , A. H. ( 1943 ). Conflict, frustration, and the theory of threat . Journal of Abnormal Social Psychology , 38 , 81 – 86 . [CrossRef] ) which does not specify an age range for each level, believing that individuals progress through the hierarchy at different rates. However, he recognises older adults are more likely than young adults to be concerned with higher motivation (Maslow, 1970 Maslow , A. H. ( 1970 ). Motivation and personality . New York : Harper & Row . ). Previous work has revealed that people over the age of 36 have a tendency to be concerned with higher motives and people under this age with lower motives (Reiss & Havercamp, 2005 Reiss , S. , & Havercamp , S. M. ( 2005 ). Motivation in a developmental context: A new method for studying self-actualization . Journal of Humanistic Psychology , 45 , 41 – 53 . [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®] ). This study looks at the influence of age on the level of self-actualization and discovered that on 8 out of the 12 Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) scales, participants over the age of 36 showed higher levels of self-actualization than participants under the age of 36. These results indicate the relevance of developmental issues in this matter and back up the hypothesis that there is a relationship between one's age and levels of self-actualization. However, results also showed a degree of overlap of self-actualization scores across age groups, suggesting further research may find other important factors, beyond age, which have a relationship with self-actualization.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Ivtzan, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thompson, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bernard, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sekhon, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hart, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 30 April 2013
Identification Number : 10.1080/08873267.2012.712076
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2013 Taylor & Francis
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 04 Nov 2016 14:56
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:53
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812750

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