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Linking Religion and Spirituality with Psychological Well-being: Examining Self-actualisation, Meaning in Life, and Personal Growth Initiative

Ivtzan, I, Chan, CPL, Thompson, H and Prashar, K (2013) Linking Religion and Spirituality with Psychological Well-being: Examining Self-actualisation, Meaning in Life, and Personal Growth Initiative Journal of Religion and Health, 52 (3), Springer S. pp. 915-929.

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Abstract

Research largely shows that religion and spirituality have a positive correlation to psychological well-being. However, there has been a great deal of confusion and debate over their operational definitions. This study attempted to delineate the two constructs and categorise participants into different groups based on measured levels of religious involvement and spirituality. The groups were then scored against specific measures of well-being. A total of 205 participants from a wide range of religious affiliations and faith groups were recruited from various religious institutions and spiritual meetings. They were assigned to one of four groups with the following characteristics: (1) a high level of religious involvement and spirituality, (2) a low level of religious involvement with a high level of spirituality, (3) a high level of religious involvement with a low level of spirituality, and (4) a low level of religious involvement and spirituality. Multiple comparisons were made between the groups on three measures of psychological well-being: levels of self-actualisation, meaning in life, and personal growth initiative. As predicted, it was discovered that, aside from a few exceptions, groups (1) and (2) obtained higher scores on all three measures. As such, these results confirm the importance of spirituality on psychological well-being, regardless of whether it is experienced through religious participation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Ivtzan, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Chan, CPLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thompson, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Prashar, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : September 2013
Identification Number : 10.1007/s10943-011-9540-2
Copyright Disclaimer : © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011
Uncontrolled Keywords : Religion, Spirituality, Well-being, Self-actualisation, Personal meaning, Personal growth
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 04 Nov 2016 14:39
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:53
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812749

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