University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Distinct immune responses and virus shedding in pigs following aerosol, intra-nasal and contact infection with pandemic swine influenza A virus, A(H1N1)09

Hemmink, JD, Morgan, SB, Aramouni, M, Everett, H, Salguero Bodes, FJ, Canini, L, Porter, E, Chase‑Topping, M, Beck, K, Mac Loughlin, R , Carr, BV, Brown, IH, Bailey, M, Woolhouse, M, Brookes, SM, Charleston, B and Tchilian, E (2016) Distinct immune responses and virus shedding in pigs following aerosol, intra-nasal and contact infection with pandemic swine influenza A virus, A(H1N1)09 BMC Veterinary Research, 47 (103).

[img]
Preview
Text
Distinct immune.pdf - Version of Record
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (1MB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (licence)
SRI_deposit_agreement.pdf
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (33kB) | Preview
[img] Text
Vet Res submitted 8 Aug.pdf - Accepted version Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (3MB)

Abstract

Influenza virus infection in pigs is a major farming problem, causing considerable economic loss and posing a zoonotic threat. In addition the pig is an excellent model for understanding immunity to influenza viruses as this is a natural host pathogen system. Experimentally, influenza virus is delivered to pigs intra-nasally, by intra-tracheal instillation or by aerosol, but there is little data comparing the outcome of different methods. We evaluated the shedding pattern, cytokine responses in nasal swabs and immune responses following delivery of low or high dose swine influenza pdmH1N1 virus to the respiratory tract of pigs intra-nasally or by aerosol and compared them to those induced in naturally infected contact pigs. Our data shows that natural infection by contact induces remarkably high innate and adaptive immune response, although the animals were exposed to a very low virus dose. In contacts, the kinetics of virus shedding were slow and prolonged and more similar to the low dose directly infected animals. In contrast the cytokine profile in nasal swabs, antibody and cellular immune responses of contacts more closely resemble immune responses in high dose directly inoculated animals. Consideration of these differences is important for studies of disease pathogenesis and assessment of vaccine protective efficacy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Veterinary Science
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Hemmink, JDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Morgan, SBUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Aramouni, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Everett, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Salguero Bodes, FJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Canini, LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Porter, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Chase‑Topping, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beck, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mac Loughlin, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Carr, BVUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brown, IHUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bailey, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Woolhouse, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brookes, SMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Charleston, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tchilian, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 20 October 2016
Identification Number : 10.1186/s13567-016-0390-5
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Author(s) 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/ publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Oct 2016 14:08
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:52
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812670

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year


Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800