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Predicting adult occupational environments from gender and childhood personality traits.

Woods, SA and Hampson, SE (2010) Predicting adult occupational environments from gender and childhood personality traits. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95 (6). pp. 1045-1057.

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Abstract

To test aspects of a theory of the role of personality and gender on the development of vocational interests and their subsequent effects on adult occupational choices, the authors of this study examined associations among childhood personality traits, gender, and occupational environments more than 40 years later. Participants (N = 587) were assessed on the Big Five by their teachers when the participants were between 6 and 12 years old. In middle-age (late 40s), the participants reported their occupation. Holland's (1997) RIASEC vocational types (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) were used to characterize the job environments of reported occupations. Childhood Openness/Intellect and Conscientiousness, but no other Big Five traits, were associated with occupational environments. For the most strongly sex-typed work environments, associations with Openness/Intellect were moderated by gender. These findings suggest that the roots of the strongest gender-stereotyping effects in occupations may be found not only in the social factors associated with gender but also in the individual differences of children related to Openness/Intellect.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Management
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Woods, SAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hampson, SEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2010
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020600
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2010 American Psychological Association. The following manuscript is the final accepted manuscript. It has not been subjected to the final copyediting, fact-checking, and proofreading required for formal publication. It is not the definitive, publisher-authenticated version. The American Psychological Association and its Council of Editors disclaim any responsibility or liabilities for errors or omissions of this manuscript version, any version derived from this manuscript by NIH, or other third parties. The published version is available at www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Occupations, Gender, Big Five, Vocational Interests, Personality, Openness/Intellect
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 21 Sep 2016 15:17
Last Modified : 21 Sep 2016 15:17
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812278

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