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Personality and Intelligence: Examining the Associations of Investment-related Personality Traits with General and Specific Intelligence

Woods, SA, Hinton, DP, von Stumn, S and Bellman Jeffries, J (2016) Personality and Intelligence: Examining the Associations of Investment-related Personality Traits with General and Specific Intelligence European Journal of Psychological Assessment.

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Abstract

In this study, we examine the associations of the scales of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI; a measure of personality traits) with intelligence measured by four cognitive ability tests, completed by a sample of 4876 working adults. We framed our analyses of the correlations around the investment perspective on the personality-intelligence relationship that proposes traits are associated with investment in intellectual activity, which develops cognitive abilities over time. In particular, we report associations between investment-related scales (Intellectual Efficiency, Flexibility, Achievement via Independence, Psychological-mindedness, and Tolerance) and a higher-order personality factor (Originality) of the CPI with intelligence measured at broad and narrow levels of abstraction. We found positive associations between investment-related scales, and Originality with observed ability test scores and factor g extracted from test scores. We found positive associations of traits with unique variance in verbal ability measures, but negative with measures of quantitative and visuo-spatial abilities. Our study extends the literature on investment theories of intelligence-personality relations, is the first study to examine the associations of multiple scales of the CPI with intelligence measures, and adds much needed data to the literature from a working adult sample.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Woods, SAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hinton, DPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
von Stumn, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bellman Jeffries, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2016
Copyright Disclaimer : European Journal of Psychological Assessment © 2016 by Hogrefe Publishing Corp. This version of the article may not completely replicate the final version published in European Journal of Psychological Assessment. It is not the version of record and is therefore not suitable for citation.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 15 Sep 2016 13:12
Last Modified : 15 Sep 2016 13:12
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812185

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