University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Pubertal development and prostate cancer risk: Mendelian randomization study in a population-based cohort.

Bonilla, C, Lewis, SJ, Martin, RM, Donovan, JL, Hamdy, FC, Neal, DE, Eeles, R, Easton, D, Kote-Jarai, Z, Al Olama, AA , Benlloch, S, Muir, K, Giles, GG, Wiklund, F, Gronberg, H, Haiman, CA, Schleutker, J, Nordestgaard, BG, Travis, RC, Pashayan, N, Khaw, KT, Stanford, JL, Blot, WJ, Thibodeau, S, Maier, C, Kibel, AS, Cybulski, C, Cannon-Albright, L, Brenner, H, Park, J, Kaneva, R, Batra, J, Teixeira, MR, Pandha, H, Lathrop, M, Davey Smith, G and Consortium, PRACTICAL (2016) Pubertal development and prostate cancer risk: Mendelian randomization study in a population-based cohort. BMC Medicine, 14 (1). pp. 66-76.

[img]
Preview
Text
Pubertal development and prostate cancer risk - Mendelian randomization study in a population-based cohort.pdf - Version of Record
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (926kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (licence)
SRI_deposit_agreement.pdf
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (33kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Epidemiological studies have observed a positive association between an earlier age at sexual development and prostate cancer, but markers of sexual maturation in boys are imprecise and observational estimates are likely to suffer from a degree of uncontrolled confounding. To obtain causal estimates, we examined the role of pubertal development in prostate cancer using genetic polymorphisms associated with Tanner stage in adolescent boys in a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. Methods: We derived a weighted genetic risk score for pubertal development, combining 13 SNPs associated with male Tanner stage. A higher score indicated a later puberty onset. We examined the association of this score with prostate cancer risk, stage and grade in the UK-based ProtecT case-control study (n = 2,927), and used the PRACTICAL consortium (n = 43,737) as a replication sample. Results: In ProtecT, the puberty genetic score was inversely associated with prostate cancer grade (odds ratio (OR) of high- vs. low-grade cancer, per tertile of the score: 0.76; 95 % CI, 0.64–0.89). In an instrumental variable estimation of the causal OR, later physical development in adolescence (equivalent to a difference of one Tanner stage between pubertal boys of the same age) was associated with a 77 % (95 % CI, 43–91 %) reduced odds of high Gleason prostate cancer. In PRACTICAL, the puberty genetic score was associated with prostate cancer stage (OR of advanced vs. localized cancer, per tertile: 0.95; 95 % CI, 0.91–1.00) and prostate cancer-specific mortality (hazard ratio amongst cases, per tertile: 0.94; 95 % CI, 0.90–0.98), but not with disease grade. Conclusions: Older age at sexual maturation is causally linked to a reduced risk of later prostate cancer, especially aggressive disease.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Medical Science
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Bonilla, C
Lewis, SJ
Martin, RM
Donovan, JL
Hamdy, FC
Neal, DE
Eeles, R
Easton, D
Kote-Jarai, Z
Al Olama, AA
Benlloch, S
Muir, K
Giles, GG
Wiklund, F
Gronberg, H
Haiman, CA
Schleutker, J
Nordestgaard, BG
Travis, RC
Pashayan, N
Khaw, KT
Stanford, JL
Blot, WJ
Thibodeau, S
Maier, C
Kibel, AS
Cybulski, C
Cannon-Albright, L
Brenner, H
Park, J
Kaneva, R
Batra, J
Teixeira, MR
Pandha, H
Lathrop, M
Davey Smith, G
Consortium, PRACTICAL
Date : 4 April 2016
Identification Number : 10.1186/s12916-016-0602-x
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2016 Bonilla et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Boys, Mendelian randomization, Prostate cancer, Puberty, Tanner scale
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 12 Sep 2016 12:47
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:41
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812103

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year


Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800