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Removal of Fine Oil Droplets from Oil-in-Water Mixtures by Dissolved Air Flotation

Aliff Radzuan, MR, Abia-Biteo Belope, MA and Thorpe, Rex (2016) Removal of Fine Oil Droplets from Oil-in-Water Mixtures by Dissolved Air Flotation Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 115 (A). pp. 19-33.

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Abstract

Dissolved air flotation (DAF) is often used after a primary gravity separator to enhance the quality of wastewater, so it can be released to streams, rivers or the sea. The main aim of the DAF experiments reported here was to measure the oil droplet removal efficiency, (η) mostly in the range 15-80 μm from oil-in-water mixtures. The DAF tank used in this investigation was a scale model of real DAF unit. Two kinds of oil, vegetable and mineral and two types of water, fresh and salty were used, and four other operating parameters were varied. A droplet counting and oil-in-water measuring methods were used to estimate the η. Dimensional analysis concluded that the η in this experiment is a function of eight other dimensionless groups and the experimental data has been subjected to multivariable linear regression. The resulting correlation was found to have a root mean square error of 6.0%, but predict η outside the range zero and one. An alternative mathematical formulation was devised that cannot predict η outside the range. Regression of the data by this formulation, which had the same number of adjustable parameters as the linear regression, was successful with a lower root mean square error of 5.5%.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Chemical and Process Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Aliff Radzuan, MRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Abia-Biteo Belope, MAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thorpe, RexRex.Thorpe@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : November 2016
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.cherd.2016.09.013
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 12 Sep 2016 10:50
Last Modified : 16 Oct 2017 15:34
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812100

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