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Hyaluronidase Activity in Saliva of European Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).

Rádrová, J, Vlková, M, Volfová, V, Sumová, P, Cêtre-Sossah, C, Carpenter, S, Darpel, K, Rakotoarivony, I, Allène, X, Votýpka, J and Volf, P (2016) Hyaluronidase Activity in Saliva of European Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 53 (1). pp. 212-216.

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Abstract

Biting midges of the genus Culicoides transmit pathogens of veterinary importance such as bluetongue virus (Reoviridae: Orbivirus). The saliva of Culicoides is known to contain bioactive molecules including peptides and proteins with vasodilatory and immunomodulative properties. In this study, we detected activity of enzyme hyaluronidase in six Culicoides species that commonly occur in Europe and that are putative vectors of arboviruses. Hyaluronidase was present in all species studied, although its molecular size, sensitivity to SDS, and substrate specificity differed between species. Further studies on the potential effect of hyaluronidase activity on the vector competence of Culicoides species for arboviruses would be beneficial.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Veterinary Medicine
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Rádrová, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vlková, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Volfová, VUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sumová, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cêtre-Sossah, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Carpenter, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Darpel, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rakotoarivony, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Allène, XUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Votýpka, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Volf, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : January 2016
Identification Number : 10.1093/jme/tjv147
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com
Uncontrolled Keywords : Culicoides, Hyaluronidase, Saliva
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 12 Sep 2016 09:32
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:41
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812098

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