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Exposure of Asian Elephants and Other Exotic Ungulates to Schmallenberg Virus.

Molenaar, FM, La Rocca, SA, Khatri, M, Lopez, J, Steinbach, F and Dastjerdi, A (2015) Exposure of Asian Elephants and Other Exotic Ungulates to Schmallenberg Virus. PLoS One, 10 (8). e0135532-e0135532.

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Abstract

Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is an emerging Orthobunyavirus, first described in 2011 in cattle in Germany and subsequently spread throughout Europe, affecting mainly ruminant livestock through the induction of foetal malformations. To gain a better understanding of the spectrum of susceptible species and to assess the value of current SBV serological assays, screening of serum samples from exotic artiodactyls and perissodactyls collected at the Living Collections from the Zoological Society of London (Whipsnade and London Zoos) and Chester Zoo was carried out. There was compelling evidence of SBV infection in both zoological collections. The competitive ELISA has proved to be applicable for the detection of SBV in exotic Bovidae, Cervidae, Suidae, Giraffidae and most notably in endangered Asian elephants (Elephas maximus), but unreliable for the screening of Camelidae, for which the plaque reduction neutralisation test was considered the assay of choice.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Veterinary Medicine
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Molenaar, FMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
La Rocca, SAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Khatri, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lopez, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Steinbach, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dastjerdi, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 14 August 2015
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135532
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright: © 2015 Molenaar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Animals, Zoo, Artiodactyla, Bunyaviridae Infections, Elephants, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Female, London, Neutralization Tests, Orthobunyavirus
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 07 Sep 2016 13:50
Last Modified : 07 Sep 2016 13:50
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/812015

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