Optimal Operation of a Membrane Reactor Network
Esche, E, Arellano-Garcia, H, Wozny, G and Biegler, LT (2012) Optimal Operation of a Membrane Reactor Network In: 11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering (PSE2012), 2012-07-15 - 2012-07-19, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
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In this work, a two-dimensional model for a conventional packed-bed membrane reactor (CPBMR) is developed for the oxidative coupling of methane, which uses a nonselective porous membrane to continuously feed oxygen to the catalytic bed. The model incorporates radial diffusion and thermal conduction and assumes convective transport for the axial direction. In addition, two 10 cm long cooling segments for the CPBMR were implemented based on the idea of a fixed cooling temperature outside the reactor shell. The resulting model is discretized using two-dimensional orthogonal collocation on finite elements with a combination of Hermite polynomials for the radial and Lagrangian polynomials for the axial coordinate. The simulation study shows that it is necessary to make all transport coefficients dependent on local temperatures and compositions. This leads to a simulation with roughly 130,000 variables, which is then used to generate initial points for the optimization of the CPBMR stand-alone operation. In addition, inequality constraints and variable bounds are introduced so as to avoid potentially hazardous mixtures of methane and oxygen in both shell and tube as well as to keep the temperatures below levels stressing reactor materials (< 1,100 °C). Moreover, membrane thickness, feed compositions, temperatures at the reactor inlet and for the cooling segments, diameters of tube and shell, and finally the amount of inert packing in the reactor are considered as decision variables. The optimization procedure uses IPOPT as a solver. Afterwards, the 2D model is integrated into a membrane reactor network (MRN) proposed by H. Godin, 2010 which is simulated. Finally, attempts are made to optimize its operation.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Conference Paper)|
|Subjects :||Chemical Engineering|
|Divisions :||Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering|
|Date :||1 August 2012|
|Identification Number :||10.1016/B978-0-444-59506-5.50095-X|
|Copyright Disclaimer :||© 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords :||OCM, MRN, CPBMR, Large-scale NLP, IPOPT|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||01 Sep 2016 11:09|
|Last Modified :||01 Sep 2016 11:09|
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