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Risky sun tanning behaviours amongst Irish University students: a quantitative analysis.

Flannery, C, Burke, LA, Grainger, L, Williams, P and Gage, H (2015) Risky sun tanning behaviours amongst Irish University students: a quantitative analysis. Irish journal of medical science.

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Abstract

Despite Ireland's temperate maritime climate, it has the third highest rate of malignant melanoma in the European Union, indicating the need to recognise tanning practices as a risky behaviour, especially amongst those most at risk (the younger population).To explore the factors associated with deliberate sun tanning amongst university students in Cork, Ireland.Self-reported sun exposure, attitudes to tanning and sun protection practices were investigated using an online questionnaire in April 2010.There were 833 responses (8.33 %), mean age 22 years, 75 % female. Reporting deliberate tanning in the previous summer (n = 389, 46.7 %) was positively correlated (r = 0.622, p < 0.001) with stating an intention to tan next summer (n = 532, 63.9 %). Women and respondents with darker (vs. fairer) complexion were more likely to engage in deliberate tanning (p < 0.001). Deliberate tanning was associated with reporting enjoying tanning (p < 0.001), with reporting peer pressure into tanning (p = 0.039), and (marginally) with thinking it is worth getting burnt to get a tan (p = 0.068). Younger students were significantly more likely to report these attitudes; being a current smoker was associated with reporting peer pressure and that burning is worth a tan, indicating a level of risk-taking. Respondents reported (average) three sources of information on sun risks.Tanning is a form of strongly motivated risk-taking as much in a sun-limited country like Ireland as in hotter sun-rich climates. Risk communication strategies on sun exposure should be developed that target young people and improve their risk awareness.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Health Economics
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Economics
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Flannery, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Burke, LAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grainger, LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Williams, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gage, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 12 December 2015
Identification Number : 10.1007/s11845-015-1389-z
Copyright Disclaimer : The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/s11845-015-1389-z
Uncontrolled Keywords : Risky behaviour, Sun exposure, Skin cancer, Tanning, University students, Ireland
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 10 Aug 2016 11:03
Last Modified : 10 Aug 2016 11:03
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/811659

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