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Heat Transfer Measurement in a Three-Phase Spray Column Direct Contact Heat Exchanger for Utilisation in Energy Recovery from Low-Grade Sources

Baqir, AS, Mahood, HB, Hameed, MS and Campbell, AN (2016) Heat Transfer Measurement in a Three-Phase Spray Column Direct Contact Heat Exchanger for Utilisation in Energy Recovery from Low-Grade Sources Energy Conversion and Management, 126. pp. 342-351.

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Abstract

Energy recovery from low-grade energy resources requires an efficient thermal conversion system to be economically viable. The use of a liquid-liquid-vapour direct contact heat exchanger in such processes could be suitable due to their high thermal efficiency and low cost in comparison to a surface type heat exchanger. In this paper, the local volumetric heat transfer coefficient (U_v ) and the active height (H_v ) of a spray column three-phase direct contact heat exchanger (evaporator) have been investigated experimentally. The heat exchanger comprised a cylindrical Perspex tube of 100 cm height and 10 cm diameter. Liquid pentane at its saturation temperature and warm water at 45 ℃ were used as the dispersed phase and the continuous phase respectively. Three different dispersed phase flow rates (10, 15 and 20 l/h) and four different continuous phase flow rates (10, 20, 30 and 40 l/h) were used throughout the experiments. In addition, three different sparger configurations (7, 19 and 36 nozzles) with two different nozzle diameters (1 and 1.25 mm) were tested. The results showed that the local volumetric heat transfer coefficient (U_v ) along the column decreases with height. An increase in both the continuous and dispersed phase flow rates had a positive effect on U_v, while an increase in the number of nozzles in the sparger caused Uv to decrease. The active height was significantly affected by the dispersed and continuous phase flow rates, the sparger configuration and the temperature driving force in terms of the Jacob number.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Chemical & Process Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Baqir, ASUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mahood, HBUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hameed, MSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Campbell, ANUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 12 August 2016
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.enconman.2016.08.013
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords : spray column three-phase direct contact heat exchanger, local volumetric heat transfer coefficient, active height, sparger configuration.
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 09 Aug 2016 09:57
Last Modified : 29 Nov 2016 17:52
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/811635

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