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Comparison of the fracture resistance of dental implants with different abutment taper angles.

Wang, K, Geng, J, Jones, D and Xu, W (2016) Comparison of the fracture resistance of dental implants with different abutment taper angles. Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 63. pp. 164-171.

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To investigate the effects of abutment taper angles on the fracture strength of dental implants with TIS (taper integrated screwed-in) connection. Thirty prototype cylindrical titanium alloy 5.0mm-diameter dental implants with different TIS-connection designs were divided into six groups and tested for their fracture strength, using a universal testing machine. These groups consisted of combinations of 3.5 and 4.0mm abutment diameter, each with taper angles of 6°, 8° or 10°. 3-Dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) was also used to analyze stress states at implant-abutment connection areas. In general, the mechanical tests found an increasing trend of implant fracture forces as the taper angle enlarged. When the abutment diameter was 3.5mm, the mean fracture forces for 8° and 10° taper groups were 1638.9N±20.3 and 1577.1N±103.2, respectively, both larger than that for the 6° taper group of 1475.0N±24.4, with the largest increasing rate of 11.1%. Furthermore, the difference between 8° and 6° taper groups was significant, based on Tamhane's multiple comparison test (P<0.05). In 4.0mm-diameter abutment groups, as the taper angle was enlarged from 6° to 8° and 10°, the mean fracture value was increased from 1066.7N±56.1 to 1241.4N±6.4 and 1419.3N±20.0, with the largest increasing rate of 33.1%, and the differences among the three groups were significant (P<0.05). The FEA results showed that stress values varied in implants with different abutment taper angles and supported the findings of the static tests. In conclusion, increases of the abutment taper angle could significantly increase implant fracture resistance in most cases established in the study, which is due to the increased implant wall thickness in the connection part resulting from the taper angle enlargement. The increasing effects were notable when a thin implant wall was present to accommodate wide abutments.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Mechanical Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Authors :
Date : 1 June 2016
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.msec.2016.02.015
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Uncontrolled Keywords : Dental implants, Static compression test, Fracture resistance, Implant–abutment connection, Taper angle, Finite element analysis
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 18 Jul 2016 13:04
Last Modified : 21 Jul 2016 08:16

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