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A Fast and Parametric Torque Distribution Strategy for Four-Wheel-Drive Energy-Efficient Electric Vehicles

Dizqah, AM, Lenzo, B, Sorniotti, A, Gruber, P, Fallah, S and De Smet, J (2016) A Fast and Parametric Torque Distribution Strategy for Four-Wheel-Drive Energy-Efficient Electric Vehicles IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 63 (7). pp. 4367-4376.

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Abstract

Electric vehicles (EVs) with four individually controlled drivetrains are over-actuated systems, and therefore, the total wheel torque and yaw moment demands can be realized through an infinite number of feasible wheel torque combinations. Hence, an energy-efficient torque distribution among the four drivetrains is crucial for reducing the drivetrain power losses and extending driving range. In this paper, the optimal torque distribution is formulated as the solution of a parametric optimization problem, depending on the vehicle speed. An analytical solution is provided for the case of equal drivetrains, under the experimentally confirmed hypothesis that the drivetrain power losses are strictly monotonically increasing with the torque demand. The easily implementable and computationally fast wheel torque distribution algorithm is validated by simulations and experiments on an EV demonstrator, along driving cycles and cornering maneuvers. The results show considerable energy savings compared to alternative torque distribution strategies.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Mechanical engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Dizqah, AMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lenzo, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sorniotti, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gruber, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fallah, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
De Smet, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 10 March 2016
Identification Number : 10.1109/TIE.2016.2540584
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Jun 2016 09:49
Last Modified : 29 Jul 2016 15:38
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/811059

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