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Optical and electronic processes in semiconductor materials for device applications

Marko, IP and Sweeney, SJ (2015) Optical and electronic processes in semiconductor materials for device applications Springer Series in Materials Science, 203. pp. 253-297.

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Abstract

In this chapter we consider the important optical and electronic processes which influence the properties of semiconductor photonic devices. Focussing on a number of material systems, we describe semiconductor materials and structures used for light-emitting applications (lasers and LEDs) operating in a wide spectral range from visible to mid-infrared. The main carrier recombination mechanisms in semiconductor devices are discussed and experimental methodologies for measuring and analysing these mechanisms are introduced. Near infra-red (IR) quantum well (QW) lasers are discussed in depth considering several new approaches to overcome fundamental performance issues. Different approaches for the longer wavelength (mid-IR) semiconductor devices are reviewed showing the benefits of different approaches to material and device design where energy efficiency and high temperature operation are the principal concerns. Finally, semiconductor lasers and LEDs for the visible spectral range are briefly introduced in terms of the most important issues related to their performance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Physics
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Marko, IPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sweeney, SJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 January 2015
Identification Number : 10.1007/978-981-287-131-2_9
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Singapore
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 07 Jul 2016 09:24
Last Modified : 07 Jul 2016 09:24
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/811046

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