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Body weight, home environment and eating behaviour across three generations of women: a quasi-longitudinal study in four Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean countries.

Ogden, JE, Dalkou, M, Kousantoni, M, Savona Ventura, S and Reynolds, R (2016) Body weight, home environment and eating behaviour across three generations of women: a quasi-longitudinal study in four Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean countries. Australian Psychologist.

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Abstract

Objective: A quasi-longitudinal design was used to explore how changes in the home environment reflect body weight and eating behavours in three generations of women across two non-Mediterranean (UK and Australia) and two Mediterranean countries (Greece and Malta). Method: A within- and between-subjects design was used. The within-subjects factor was generation (daughters, mothers and grandmothers). The between-subjects factor was nationality (Mediterranean (Malta, n=135 and Greece, n=106) vs non-Mediterranean (UK, n=120 and Australia, n=96). Body Mass Index (BMI), eating behaviour and aspects of the home environment were assessed using questionnaires for family triads. Results: There were consistent differences by generation in terms of BMI, eating behaviour and most aspects of the home environment, with daughters being lighter but reporting less healthy diets in terms of drinks, snacks, meals and food preparation than either their mothers or grandmothers and a lower endorsement of parental control over food, a lower belief in controlling forms of parenting and a lower belief in the mothers’ autonomy over their daughter. Further, those from Mediterranean countries were heavier and reported poorer diets and a stricter approach to the home environment. The results also indicate that a shift between the generations was more marked in Mediterranean countries with more pronounced differences occurring between daughters, their mothers and grandmothers. Conclusion: Increased weight may be associated with a less managed home environment and poorer eating behaviours which are particularly apparent in those from Mediterranean countries where daughters may be reacting against their more controlling family culture.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Ogden, JEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dalkou, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kousantoni, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Savona Ventura, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reynolds, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : July 2016
Identification Number : 10.1111/ap.12224
Copyright Disclaimer : This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Body weight, home environment and eating behaviour across three generations of women: a quasi-longitudinal study in four Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean countries, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ap.12224. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 07 Jun 2016 11:36
Last Modified : 23 Nov 2016 09:03
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/810936

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