Understeer characteristics for energy-efficient fully electric vehicles with multiple motors
Lenzo, B, De Filippis, G, Sorniotti, A, Gruber, P and Sannen, K (2016) Understeer characteristics for energy-efficient fully electric vehicles with multiple motors In: EVS29 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium, 2016-06-19 - 2016-06-22, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
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Electric vehicles with multiple motors allow torque-vectoring, which generates a yaw moment by assigning different motor torques at the left and right wheels. This permits designing the steady-state cornering response according to several vehicle handling quality targets. For example, as widely discussed in the literature, to make the vehicle more sports-oriented, it is possible to reduce the understeer gradient and increase the maximum lateral acceleration with respect to the same vehicle without torque-vectoring. This paper focuses on the novel experimentally-based design of a reference vehicle understeer characteristic providing energy efficiency enhancement over the whole range of achievable lateral accelerations. Experiments show that an appropriate tuning of the reference understeer characteristic, i.e., the reference yaw rate of the torque-vectoring controller, can bring energy savings of up to ~11% for a case study four-wheel-drive electric vehicle demonstrator. Moreover, during constant speed cornering, it is more efficient to significantly reduce the level of vehicle understeer, with respect to the same vehicle with even torque distribution on the left and right wheels.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Conference Abstract)|
|Subjects :||Electric vehicle|
|Divisions :||Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences|
|Date :||22 June 2016|
|Copyright Disclaimer :||Copyright The Authors|
|Related URLs :|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||10 May 2016 14:03|
|Last Modified :||26 Jul 2016 12:54|
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