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Computational modelling of the impact of particle size to the heat transfer coefficient between biomass particles and a fluidised bed

Papadikis, K, Gu, S and Bridgwater, AV (2009) Computational modelling of the impact of particle size to the heat transfer coefficient between biomass particles and a fluidised bed Fuel Processing Technology, 91 (1, Jan). pp. 68-79.

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Abstract

The fluid–particle interaction and the impact of different heat transfer conditions on pyrolysis of biomass inside a 150 g/h fluidised bed reactor are modelled. Two different size biomass particles (350 μm and 550 μm in diameter) are injected into the fluidised bed. The different biomass particle sizes result in different heat transfer conditions. This is due to the fact that the 350 μm diameter particle is smaller than the sand particles of the reactor (440 μm), while the 550 μm one is larger. The bed-to-particle heat transfer for both cases is calculated according to the literature. Conductive heat transfer is assumed for the larger biomass particle (550 μm) inside the bed, while biomass–sand contacts for the smaller biomass particle (350 μm) were considered unimportant. The Eulerian approach is used to model the bubbling behaviour of the sand, which is treated as a continuum. Biomass reaction kinetics is modelled according to the literature using a two-stage, semi-global model which takes into account secondary reactions. The particle motion inside the reactor is computed using drag laws, dependent on the local volume fraction of each phase. FLUENT 6.2 has been used as the modelling framework of the simulations with the whole pyrolysis model incorporated in the form of User Defined Function (UDF).

Item Type: Article
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Papadikis, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gu, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bridgwater, AVUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 17 September 2009
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2009.08.016
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors.
Uncontrolled Keywords : CFD, Fluidised bed, Fast pyrolysis, Heat transfer, Multiphase flow
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 10:59
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 10:59
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/810576

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