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Modelling impingement of hollow metal droplets onto a flat surface

Kumar, A and Gu, S (2012) Modelling impingement of hollow metal droplets onto a flat surface International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 37 (Octobe). pp. 189-195.

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Abstract

Despite many theoretical and experimental works dealing with the impact of dense melt droplets on the substrate during the process of thermal spray coating, the dynamics of the impingement of hollow melt droplet and the subsequent splat formation are not well addressed. In this paper a model study for the dynamic impingement of hollow droplet is presented. The hollow droplet is modelled such that it consists of a liquid shell enclosing a gas cavity. The impingement model considers the transient flow dynamics during impact, spreading and solidification of the droplet using the volume of fluid surface tracking method (VOF) coupled with a solidification model within a one-domain continuum formulation. The results for spreading, solidification and formation of splats clearly show that the impingement process of hollow droplet is distinctly different from the dense droplet. Study with different droplet void fractions and void distribution indicates that void fraction and void distribution have a significant influence on the flow dynamics during impact and on the final splat shape. The results are likely to provide insights for the less-explored behaviour of hollow melt droplets in thermal spray coating processes.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Kumar, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gu, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2 July 2012
Funders : EC FP7
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2012.06.004
Uncontrolled Keywords : Thermal spray coating, Hollow droplet, Solidification, Volume of fluid, One-domain formulation, Transient, CFD
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 10:59
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 10:59
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/810556

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