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Micro-scale CFD modeling of reactive mass transfer in falling liquid films within structured packing materials

Sebastia-Saez, D, Gu, S, Ranganathan, P and Papadikis, K (2014) Micro-scale CFD modeling of reactive mass transfer in falling liquid films within structured packing materials International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 33 (Februa). pp. 40-50.

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Abstract

Post-combustion carbon capture in structured packing columns is considered as a promising technology to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions because of its maturity and the possibility of being retrofitted to existing power plants. CFD plays an important role in the optimization of this technology. However, due to the current computational capacity limitations, the simulations need to be divided into three scales (i.e. micro-, meso- and macro-scale) depending on the flow characteristics to be analyzed. This study presents a 3D micro-scale approach to describe the hydrodynamics and reactive mass transfer of the CO2-MEA chemical system within structured packing materials. Higbie's penetration theory is used to describe the mass transfer characteristics whereas enhancement factors are implemented to represent the gain in the absorption rate attributable to the chemical reaction. The results show a detrimental effect of the liquid load on the absorption rate via a decrease in the enhancement factor. The evolution of the wetted area for MEA solutions is compared to the case of pure water highlighting the differences in the transient behavior. The CO2 concentration profiles are examined showing the capability of the model to reproduce the depletion of the solute within the bulk liquid ascribed to the high value of the Hatta number. Also, several approaches on the reaction mechanism such as reversibility and instantaneous behavior are assessed. The results from micro-scale are to be used in meso-scale analysis in future studies to optimize the reactive absorption characteristics of structured packing materials.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Sebastia-Saez, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gu, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ranganathan, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Papadikis, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 24 December 2014
Funders : UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), FP7 Marie Curie
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.11.019
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors.
Uncontrolled Keywords : VOF, Structured packing, Carbon capture, CFD, Reactive mass transfer
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 10:59
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 10:59
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/810546

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