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Characteristics of Ni/YSZ ceramic anode prepared using carbon microspheres as a pore former

Amini Horri, B, Selomulya, C and Wang, HT (2012) Characteristics of Ni/YSZ ceramic anode prepared using carbon microspheres as a pore former International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 37 (20). pp. 15311-15319.

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Abstract

Microstructural features and physical properties of the anodes crucially affect the electrochemical performance of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). This paper evaluated the microstructural characteristics and properties including porosity, pore size distribution, sintering shrinkage, mechanical strength, and electrical conductivity of the SOFC anode using carbon microspheres (CMSs) as the pore-former in the fabrication of Ni/YSZ ceramic anode. CMSs with different average particle sizes (CMS1: 11.54 μm, CMS2: 4.39 μm, and CMS3: 0.27 μm) were synthesized, and then incorporated into NiO/YSZ at various volumetric blend ratios ranging from 4.4 to 44.6 vol.%. SOFC anode cermets with a desirable range of porosity (30–40%), shrinkage (15.9–17.3%), flexural strength (75.4–157.8 N), and electrical conductivity (253.5–510.7 S/cm) were obtained using approximately 4–10 vol% of CMS1, 4–20 vol.% of CMS2, and 10–34 vol.% of CMS3. In addition, the use of CMS as the pore former reduced the amount of closed pores in the anode disks from 2.05% to <1%.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Amini Horri, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Selomulya, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wang, HTUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 17 August 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.07.108
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 10:59
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 10:59
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/810411

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