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Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) and Performance: A Meta-Analytic Review

Martin, R, Guillaume, Y, Thomas, G, Lee, A and Epitropaki, O (2015) Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) and Performance: A Meta-Analytic Review Personnel Psychology, 69 (1). pp. 67-121.

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Abstract

This paper reports a meta-analysis that examines the relationship between leader-member exchange (LMX) relationship quality and a multidimensional model of work performance (task, citizenship, and counterproductive performance). The results show a positive relationship between LMX and task performance (146 samples, ρ = .30) as well as citizenship performance (97 samples, ρ = .34), and negatively with counterproductive performance (19 samples, ρ = -.24). Of note, there was a positive relationship between LMX and objective task performance (20 samples, ρ = .24). Trust, motivation, empowerment, and job satisfaction mediated the relationship between LMX and task and citizenship performance with trust in the leader having the largest effect. There was no difference due to LMX measurement instrument (e.g., LMX7, LMX-MDM). Overall, the relationship between LMX and performance was weaker when (a) measures were obtained from a different source or method and (b) LMX was measured by the follower than the leader (with common source- and method-biased effects stronger for leader-rated LMX quality). Finally, there was evidence for LMX leading to task performance but not for reverse or reciprocal directions of effects.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Martin, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Guillaume, YUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thomas, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lee, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Epitropaki, OUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 25 April 2015
Identification Number : 10.1111/peps.12100
Copyright Disclaimer : This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) and Performance: A Meta-Analytic Review, which has been published in final form at 10.1111/peps.12100. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 08 Apr 2016 15:08
Last Modified : 08 Apr 2016 15:08
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/810386

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