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Effects of high-intensity interval exercise versus continuous moderate-intensity exercise on postprandial glycemic control assessed by continuous glucose monitoring in obese adults

Little, JP, Jung, ME, Wright, AE, Wright, W and Manders, RJF (2014) Effects of high-intensity interval exercise versus continuous moderate-intensity exercise on postprandial glycemic control assessed by continuous glucose monitoring in obese adults Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 39 (7). pp. 835-841.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of acute high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared with continuous moderate-intensity (CMI) exercise on postprandial hyperglycemia in overweight or obese adults. Ten inactive, overweight or obese adults (41 ± 11 yrs, BMI = 36 ± 7 kg/m2) performed an acute bout of HIIT (10 × 1 min at approximately 90% peak heart rate (HRpeak) with 1-min recovery periods) or matched work CMI (30 min at approximately 65% HRpeak) in a randomized, counterbalanced fashion. Exercise was performed 2 h after breakfast, and glucose control was assessed by continuous glucose monitoring under standardized dietary conditions over 24 h. Postprandial glucose (PPG) responses to lunch, dinner, and the following day's breakfast were analyzed and compared with a no-exercise control day. Exercise did not affect the PPG responses to lunch, but performing both HIIT and CMI in the morning significantly reduced the PPG incremental area under the curve (AUC) following dinner when compared with control (HIIT = 110 ± 35, CMI = 125 ± 34, control = 162 ± 46 mmol/L × 2 h, p < 0.05). The PPG AUC (HIIT = 125 ± 53, CMI = 186 ± 55, control = 194 ± 96 mmol/L × 2 h) and the PPG spike (HIIT = A2.1 ±0.9, CMI = A3.0 ±0.9, control = A3.0 ± 1.5 mmol/l) following breakfast on the following day were significantly lower following HIIT compared with both CMI and control (p < 0.05). Absolute AUC and absolute glucose spikes were not different between HIIT, CMI, or control for any meal (p > 0.05 for all). We conclude that a single session of HIIT has greater and more lasting effects on reducing incremental PPG when compared with CMI. © 2014 Published by NRC Research Press.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Little, JPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jung, MEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wright, AEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wright, WUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Manders, RJFUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 January 2014
Identification Number : 10.1139/apnm-2013-0512
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 10:59
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:10
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/810331

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