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Post-operative rehabilitation and nutrition in osteoarthritis.

Musumeci, G, Mobasheri, A, Trovato, FM, Szychlinska, MA, Imbesi, R and Castrogiovanni, P (2014) Post-operative rehabilitation and nutrition in osteoarthritis. F1000Res, 3.

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Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative process involving the progressive loss of articular cartilage, synovial inflammation and structural changes in subchondral bone that lead to loss of synovial joint structural features and functionality of articular cartilage. OA represents one of the most common causes of physical disability in the world. Different OA treatments are usually considered in relation to the stage of the disease. In the early stages, it is possible to recommend physical activity programs that can maintain joint health and keep the patient mobile, as recommended by OA Research Society International (OARSI) and European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR). In the most severe and advanced cases of OA, surgical intervention is necessary. After, in early postoperative stages, it is essential to include a rehabilitation exercise program in order to restore the full function of the involved joint. Physical therapy is crucial for the success of any surgical procedure and can promote recovery of muscle strength, range of motion, coordinated walking, proprioception and mitigate joint pain. Furthermore, after discharge from the hospital, patients should continue the rehabilitation exercise program at home associated to an appropriate diet. In this review, we analyze manuscripts from the most recent literature and provide a balanced and comprehensive overview of the latest developments on the effect of physical exercise on postoperative rehabilitation in OA. The literature search was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar, using the keywords 'osteoarthritis', 'rehabilitation', 'exercise' and 'nutrition'. The available data suggest that physical exercise is an effective, economical and accessible to everyone practice, and it is one of the most important components of postoperative rehabilitation for OA.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Veterinary Medicine
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Musumeci, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mobasheri, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Trovato, FMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Szychlinska, MAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Imbesi, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Castrogiovanni, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2014
Identification Number : 10.12688/f1000research.4178.3
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright: © 2016 Musumeci G et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Exercise, Osteoarthritis, Rehabilitation
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 21 Apr 2016 09:55
Last Modified : 21 Apr 2016 09:55
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/810278

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