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Carbamazepine degradation using a N-doped TiO2 coated photocatalytic membrane reactor: Influence of physical parameters.

Horovitz, I, Avisar, D, Baker, MA, Grilli, R, Lozzi, L, Di Camillo, D and Mamane, H (2016) Carbamazepine degradation using a N-doped TiO2 coated photocatalytic membrane reactor: Influence of physical parameters. J Hazard Mater, 310. pp. 98-107.

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Abstract

Commercial α-Al2O3 photocatalytic membranes with a pore size of 200 and 800-nm were coated with N-doped TiO2 photocatalytic film using a sol-gel technique for concurrent bottom-up filtration and photocatalytic oxidation. X-ray diffraction confirmed that the deposited N-doped TiO2 films are in the form of anatase with 78-84% coverage of the membrane surface. The concentration of N found by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was in the range of 0.3-0.9 atomic percentage. Membrane permeability after coating decreased by 50% and 12% for the 200- and 800-nm membrane substrates, respectively. The impact of operational parameters on the photocatalytic activity (PCA) of the N-doped TiO2-coated membranes was examined in a laboratory flow cell based on degradation of the model micropollutant carbamazepine, using a solar simulator as the light source. The significant gap in degradation rate between flow through the membrane and flow on the surface of the membrane was attributed both to the hydraulic effect and in-pore PCA. N-doped TiO2-coated membranes showed enhanced activity for UV wavelengths, in addition to activity under visible light. Experiments of PCA under varying flow rates concluded that the process is in the mass-transfer control regime. Carbamazepine removal rate increased with temperature, despite the decrease in dissolved oxygen concentration.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Horovitz, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Avisar, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Baker, MAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grilli, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lozzi, LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Di Camillo, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mamane, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 11 February 2016
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.02.008
Uncontrolled Keywords : Ceramic membrane, In-pore degradation, N-doped TiO(2), Photocatalytic membrane reactor (PMR), Water treatment
Related URLs :
Additional Information : © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 09 Mar 2016 14:04
Last Modified : 09 Mar 2016 14:04
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/810130

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