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Innovation types in the Finnish maritime cluster

Makkonen, T, Makkonen, T, Inkinen, T and Saarni, J (2013) Innovation types in the Finnish maritime cluster WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs, 12 (1). pp. 1-15.

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The Finnish maritime cluster is an important sector of Finland's economy. However, literature on innovative activities within the cluster is limited. This article focuses on Finnish shipbuilding and marine industry firms. Several innovation types are identified. These are analyzed according to general characteristics of firms. The data is from a survey of 148 shipbuilding and marine industry companies; most of the variables are ordinal scale and are analyzed with standard statistical survey methods. Considering the significance and past technological achievements of the sector the results indicate surprisingly low radical innovation related-activity and attitudes towards it. As well, the results provide no evidence to support previous research, suggesting that the shipbuilding and marine industry produces more organizational than technological innovations. The innovativeness of the firms varies according to distinct characteristics such as size, intensity of in-house and collaborative R&D activities, and level of internationalization. The empirical results provide a platform for policy implications and directions for future research; innovations concerning environmental efficiency are raised as an important future area of development. © 2013 World Maritime University.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors : Makkonen, T, Makkonen, T, Inkinen, T and Saarni, J
Date : 1 January 2013
DOI : 10.1007/s13437-013-0039-4
Additional Information : The original publication is available at
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 15:30
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 12:40

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