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Conceptualizing Psychological Processes in Response to Globalization: Components, Antecedents, and Consequences of Global Orientations

Chen, SX, Lam, BCP, Hui, BPH, Ng, JCK, Mak, WWS, Guan, Y, Buchtel, EE, Tang, WCS and Lau, VCY (2015) Conceptualizing Psychological Processes in Response to Globalization: Components, Antecedents, and Consequences of Global Orientations Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

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Abstract

The influences of globalization have permeated various aspects of life in contemporary society, from technical innovations, economic development, and lifestyles, to communication patterns. The present research proposed a construct termed global orientation to denote individual differences in the psychological processes of acculturating to the globalizing world. It encompasses multicultural acquisition as a proactive response and ethnic protection as a defensive response to globalization. Ten studies examined the applicability of global orientations among majority and minority groups, including immigrants and sojourners, in multicultural and relatively monocultural contexts, and across Eastern and Western cultures. Multicultural acquisition is positively correlated with both independent and interdependent self-construals, bilingual proficiency and usage, and dual cultural identifications. Multicultural acquisition is promotion-focused, while ethnic protection is prevention-focused and related to acculturative stress. Global orientations affect individuating and modest behavior over and above multicultural ideology, predict overlap with outgroups over and above political orientation, and predict psychological adaptation, sociocultural competence, tolerance, and attitudes toward ethnocultural groups over and above acculturation expectations/strategies. Global orientations also predict English and Chinese oral presentation performance in multilevel analyses and the frequency and pleasantness of intercultural contact in cross-lagged panel models. We discuss how the psychological study of global orientations contributes to theory and research on acculturation, cultural identity, and intergroup relations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Hospitality and Tourism Management
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Chen, SXUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lam, BCPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hui, BPHUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ng, JCKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mak, WWSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Guan, YUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Buchtel, EEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tang, WCSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lau, VCYUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2015
Identification Number : 10.1037/a0039647
Related URLs :
Additional Information : Article accepted for publication in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2015. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 06 Oct 2015 18:08
Last Modified : 06 Oct 2015 18:10
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/808713

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