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INTERACTION BETWEEN DIET AND SUNLIGHT EXPOSURE ON VITAMIN D STATUS IN WOMEN LIVING IN SOUTHERN ENGLAND: MULTILEVEL MODELLING ANALYSIS OF THE D-FINES STUDY

Berry, JL, Darling, AL, Kang'ombe, AR, Torgerson, DJ and Lanham-New, SA (2010) INTERACTION BETWEEN DIET AND SUNLIGHT EXPOSURE ON VITAMIN D STATUS IN WOMEN LIVING IN SOUTHERN ENGLAND: MULTILEVEL MODELLING ANALYSIS OF THE D-FINES STUDY In: 37th European Symposium on Calcified Tissues Glasgow September 2010, 26 - 30 June 2010, Glasgow.

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Abstract

The relative contribution of UVB sunlight exposure and dietary vitamin D intake to 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) remains to be fully determined. The aim of this study was to examine these factors in combination using a repeated measures multilevel modelling approach. The D-FINES study investigated 373 Surrey Caucasian and Asian women in four seasons of the year for 25(0H)D, dietary vitamin D and UVB exposure. To capitalise on the clustered nature of the repeated seasonal measurements within individuals, multilevel modelling was undertaken using MLwiN v.2.1software. Thus seasonal data (dietary vitamin D (DietaryVitD), UV exposure (UVdosi), vitamin D status (VitDstatus)) were included at level one (ij) and individual level data (ethnicity, menopausal status (0=Caucasian, 1=Asian; 0=Premenopausal, 1=Postmenopausal)) at level two (j). Using a random intercept model, the following equation was constructed, which was significantly different from an intercept only model (Log likelihood test- Chi square X2= 2216.51, df=5, p<0.001): 25(OH)Dij= 0j-0.130(0.283)DietaryVitDij + 1.199(0.201)UVdosiij -27.559(2.637) Ethnicity_j: -6.082(2.051)Menopause_1j – 0.020(0.008)UVdosi2ij+ e ij0j=56.650(1.825) + u0j This model showed no effect of diet on 25(OH)D, but did show a significant interaction between Standard Erythema Dose (SED)UV and 25(OH)D. Being of Caucasian ethnicity was associated with a 27.6 nmol/l higher 25(OH)D than Asian ethnicity, and being of premenopausal status was associated with a 6.1 nmol/l higher 25(OH)D than postmenopausal status. Total body fat mass and seasonal dietary calcium had initially been included in the model but were removed as they were not significant parameters. Dietary vitamin D was retained, even though not a significant parameter as it was of high theoretical and practical importance. The implications of this model are that UV exposure has an effect on vitamin D status but dietary vitamin D does not. Ethnicity has a greater influence than menopausal status. This work is funded by the FSA (Project No. NO5064). This work was funded by the UK Foods Standards Agency (NO5064). The views expressed are those of the authors alone. Disclosure of

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Conference Paper)
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine > Department of Nutritional Sciences
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Berry, JLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Darling, ALUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kang'ombe, ARUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Torgerson, DJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lanham-New, SAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : June 2010
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.bone.2010.04.427
Additional Information : © 2010. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 02 Oct 2015 11:07
Last Modified : 02 Oct 2015 11:07
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/808634

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