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Dictionaries and Encoding Examples to Support Language Production

Frankenberg-Garcia, A (2015) Dictionaries and Encoding Examples to Support Language Production International Journal of Lexicography.

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Learners’ dictionaries can help users not just with meanings, but also with collocations, syntax and common errors. Although there are several ways in which information for language production can be presented, previous research has shown that learners tend to prefer to obtain it from examples. However, early studies on the effects of dictionary examples did not disclose much evidence of their value. This could be because dictionaries do not distinguish between examples to reinforce comprehension and examples to support production, and also because learners may need more than one example to figure out how words are used. Following recent findings by Frankenberg-Garcia (2012, 2014), where encoding examples appeared to help language production, the present study aimed to further investigate the effects of such examples by refining previous elicitation procedures, by using a different and larger population sample, and by testing whether learners react better to an optimum number of examples.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of English and Languages > Languages and Translation
Authors :
Date : 13 May 2015
Identification Number : 10.1093/ijl/ecv013
Related URLs :
Additional Information : This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in International Journal of Lexicography following peer review. The version of record is available online at:
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 21 Aug 2015 11:22
Last Modified : 10 Aug 2016 14:48

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