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A Model for the Backscattering from a Canonical Ship in SAR imagery

Iervolino, P, Guida, R and Whittaker, P (2016) A Model for the Backscattering from a Canonical Ship in SAR imagery IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 9 (3). pp. 1163-1175.

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Abstract

Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensors represent one of the most effective means to support activities in the sector of maritime surveillance. In the field of ship detection, many SAR-based algorithms have been proposed recently, but none of them has ever considered the electromagnetic aspects behind the interactions of SAR signals with the ship and surrounding waters, with the detection step and rate strongly influenced by relative thresholding techniques applied to the SAR amplitude or intensity image. This paper introduces a novel model to evaluate the radar cross section (RCS) backscattered from a canonical ship adapted, to the case at issue, from similar existing models developed for, and applied to, urban areas. The RCS is modeled using the Kirchhoff approximation (KA) within the geometrical optics (GO) solution and, following some assumptions on the scene parameters, derived by empirical observations; its probability density function is derived for all polarizations. An analysis of the sensitiveness of the RCS to the uncertainty on the input scene parameters is then performed. The new model is validated on two different TerraSAR-X images acquired in November 2012 over the Solent area in the U.K.: the RCS relevant to several isolated ships is measured and compared with the expected value deriving from the theoretical model here introduced. Results are widely discussed and ranges of applicability finally suggested.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Electronic Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering > Surrey Space Centre
Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Iervolino, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Guida, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Whittaker, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 March 2016
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2443557
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works
Uncontrolled Keywords : Electromagnetic modelling, Radar cross-sections, Radar detection, Synthetic aperture radar (SAR)
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 16 Sep 2016 09:42
Last Modified : 16 Sep 2016 09:47
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/808138

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