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The association between shame and substance use in young people: a Systematic Review

Patton, R and Rahim, M (2015) The association between shame and substance use in young people: a Systematic Review PeerJ.

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Abstract

Background. Shame has been associated with a range of maladaptive behaviours, including substance use. Young people may be particularly vulnerable to heightened shame sensitivity, and substance use is a significant problem amongst UK adolescents. Although there appears to be a relationship between shame and substance use, the direction of the relationship remains unclear. Aim. The purpose of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the literature relating to shame and substance use in young people. Method. Five electronic databases were searched for articles containing terms related to ‘adolescence,’ ‘shame’ and ‘substance use.’ Six articles were included in the final analyses. Results. Adverse early experiences, particularly sexual abuse, predict shame-proneness, and substance use is a mechanism by which some individuals cope with negative feelings. In general, there is a dearth of literature investigating the shame-substance use relationship in adolescent samples. The available literature associates shame-proneness with poorer functioning and suggests that it may potentially lead to psychopathology and early-onset substance use. Scant attention has been paid to the cognitive and emotional processes implicated. Further research is required to ascertain the strength of the shame-substance use relationship in young people and to develop appropriate interventions for this population.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Patton, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rahim, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 22 January 2015
Identification Number : 10.7717/peerj.737
Uncontrolled Keywords : Substance use, Shame
Related URLs :
Additional Information : © 2015 Rahim and Patton. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 04 Feb 2015 12:30
Last Modified : 10 Jun 2015 13:33
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/807136

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