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mRNAs that specifically interact with eukaryotic ribosomal subunits.

Deforges, J, Locker, N and Sargueil, B (2015) mRNAs that specifically interact with eukaryotic ribosomal subunits. Biochimie, 114. pp. 48-57.

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The accuracy of start codon selection is determined by the translation initiation process. In prokaryotes the initiation step on most mRNAs relies on recruitment of the small ribosomal subunit onto the initiation codon by base pairing between the mRNA and the 16S rRNA. Eukaryotes have evolved a complex molecular machinery involving at least 11 initiation factors, and mRNAs do not directly recruit the small ribosomal subunit. Instead the initiation complex is recruited to the 5' end of the mRNA through a complex protein network including eIF4E that interacts with the 5' cap structure and poly-A binding protein that interacts with the 3'end. However, some viral and cellular mRNAs are able to escape this pathway by internal recruitment of one or several components of the translation machinery. Here we review those eukaryotic mRNAs that have been reported to directly recruit the 40S ribosomal subunit internally. In the well characterized cases of viral IRESes, a specific RNA structure is involved in this process, and in addition to recruitment of the ribosome, the mRNA also manipulates the ribosome structure to stimulate the first translocation step. We also review recently described IRES/ribosome interactions in cases where the molecular mechanism leading to translation initiation has yet to be described. Finally we evaluate the possibility that mRNA may recruit the 40S ribosomal subunit through base pairing with the 18S rRNA.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine > Department of Microbial and Cellular Sciences
Authors :
Date : July 2015
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.biochi.2014.12.008
Uncontrolled Keywords : 3′ CITE, IRES, Ribosome, Shine-Dalgarno, Translation, Virus
Related URLs :
Additional Information : Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Jan 2015 10:13
Last Modified : 20 Jun 2015 13:36

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