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Protein kinase Ce{open};-calcineurin cosignaling downstream of toll-like receptor 4 downregulates fibrosis and induces wound healing gene expression in cardiac myofibroblasts

Mesquita, RFDS, Paul, MA, Francois, A, Jabr, R, Marber, MS, Heads, RJ, Valmaseda, A, Anjum, S and Budhram-Mahadeo, V (2014) Protein kinase Ce{open};-calcineurin cosignaling downstream of toll-like receptor 4 downregulates fibrosis and induces wound healing gene expression in cardiac myofibroblasts Molecular and Cellular Biology, 34 (4). pp. 574-594.

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Abstract

The pathways which regulate resolution of inflammation and contribute to positive remodeling of the myocardium following injury are poorly understood. Here we show that protein kinase C epsilon (PKC) cooperates with the phosphatase calcineurin (CN) to potentiate induction of cardioprotective gene expression while suppressing expression of fibrosis markers. This was achieved by detailed analysis of the regulation of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression as a marker gene and by using gene expression profiling to identify genes regulated by coexpression of CN-A/PKC in adult rat cardiac myofibroblasts (ARVFs) on a larger scale. GeneChip analysis of CN-Aα/PKC-coexpressing ARVFs showed that COX-2 provides a signature for wound healing and is associated with downregulation of fibrosis markers, including connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), fibronectin, and collagens Col1a1, Col3a1, Col6a3, Col11a1, Col12a1, and Col14a1, with concomitant upregulation of cardioprotection markers, including COX-2 itself, lipocalin 2 (LCN2), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In primary rat cardiomyocyte cultures Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) agonist- or PKC/CNdependent COX-2 induction occurred in coresident fibroblasts and was blocked by selective inhibition of CN or PKC α/ or elimination of fibroblasts. Furthermore, ectopic expression of PKC and CN in ARVFs showed that the effects on COX-2 expression are mediated by specific NFAT sites within the COX-2 promoter as confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). Therefore, PKC may negatively regulate adverse myocardial remodeling by cooperating with CN to downregulate fibrosis and induce transcription of cardioprotective wound healing genes, including COX-2. © 2014, American Society for Microbiology.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Mesquita, RFDSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Paul, MAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Francois, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jabr, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Marber, MSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Heads, RJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Valmaseda, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Anjum, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Budhram-Mahadeo, VUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : February 2014
Identification Number : 10.1128/MCB.01098-13
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 10:51
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 17:13
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/806783

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