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Biomass preservation in impact melt ejecta

Howard, KT, Berhanu, D, Cressey, G, Howard, LE, Bailey, MJ, Bland, PA, Jeynes, C, Matthewman, R, Martins, Z, Sephton, MA, Stolojan, V and Verchovsky, S (2013) Biomass preservation in impact melt ejecta Nature Geoscience, 6 (12). pp. 1018-1022.

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Abstract

Meteorites can have played a role in the delivery of the building blocks of life to Earth only if organic compounds are able to survive the high pressures and temperatures of an impact event. Although experimental impact studies have reported the survival of organic compounds, there are uncertainties in scaling experimental conditions to those of a meteorite impact on Earth and organic matter has not been found in highly shocked impact materials in a natural setting. Impact glass linked to the 1.2-km-diameter Darwin crater in western Tasmania is strewn over an area exceeding 400 km 2 and is thought to have been ejected by a meteorite impact about 800 kyr ago into terrain consisting of rainforest and swamp. Here we use pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to show that biomarkers representative of plant species in the local ecosystem - including cellulose, lignin, aliphatic biopolymer and protein remnants - survived the Darwin impact. We find that inside the impact glass the organic components are trapped in porous carbon spheres. We propose that the organic material was captured within impact melt and preserved when the melt quenched to glass, preventing organic decomposition since the impact. We suggest that organic material can survive capture and transport in products of extreme impact processing, at least for a Darwin-sized impact event. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Howard, KTUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Berhanu, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cressey, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Howard, LEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bailey, MJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bland, PAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jeynes, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Matthewman, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Martins, ZUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sephton, MAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stolojan, VUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Verchovsky, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : December 2013
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1996
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:14
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 13:14
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/806482

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