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Investigating mechanism of inclined CPT in granular ground using DEM

Jiang, MJ, Dai, YS, Cui, L, Shen, ZF and Wang, XX (2014) Investigating mechanism of inclined CPT in granular ground using DEM Granular Matter, 16 (5). pp. 785-796.

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This paper presents an investigation on mechanism of the inclined cone penetration test using the numerical discrete element method (DEM). A series of penetration tests with the penetrometer inclined at different angles (i.e., 0∘,15∘,30∘,45∘ and 60∘ ) were numerically performed under μ=0.0 and μ=0.5 , where μ is the frictional coefficient between the penetrometer and the soil. The deformation patterns, displacements of soil particles adjacent to the cone tip, velocity fields, rotations of the principal stresses and the averaged pure rotation rate were analyzed. Special focus was placed on the effect of friction. The DEM results showed that soils around the cone tip experienced complex displacement paths at different positions as the inclined penetration proceeded, and the friction only had significant effects on the soils adjacent to the penetrometer side and tip. Soils exhibited characteristic velocity fields corresponding to three different failure mechanisms and the right side was easier to be disturbed by friction. Friction started to play its role when the tip approached the observation points, while it had little influence on rotation rate. The normalized tip resistance (qc=f/σv0) increased with friction as well as inclination angle. The relationship between qc and relative depth (y/R) can be described as qc=a×(y/R)−b , with parameters a and b dependent on penetration direction. The normalized resistance perpendicular to the penetrometer axis qp increases with the inclination angle, thus the inclination angle should be carefully selected to ensure the penetrometer not to deviate from its original direction or even be broken in real tests.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
Date : 4 June 2014
Identification Number : 10.1007/s10035-014-0508-2
Related URLs :
Additional Information : The original publication is available at
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 15 Oct 2014 09:19
Last Modified : 04 Jun 2015 01:08

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