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Low-cost commercial glass beads as dosimeters in radiotherapy

Jafari, SM, Bradley, DA, Alalawi, A, Clark, CH, Nisbet, A, Spyrou, NM, Gouldstone, CA, Sharpe, PHG and Jordan, TJ (2014) Low-cost commercial glass beads as dosimeters in radiotherapy Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 97. pp. 95-101.

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Recent developments in advanced radiotherapy techniques using small field photon beams, require small detectors to determine the delivered dose in steep dose gradient fields. Commercially available glass jewellery beads exhibit thermoluminescent properties and have the potential to be used as dosimeters in radiotherapy due to their small size (<5mm), low cost, reusability and inert nature. This study investigated the dosimetric characteristics of glass beads. The beads were irradiated by 6MV photons using a medical linear-accelerator and Co gamma rays over doses ranging from 1 to 2500cGy. A thermoluminescence (TL) system and an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) system were employed for read out. Both the TL and EPR studies demonstrated a radiation-induced signal, the sensitivity of which varied with bead colour. White coloured beads proved to be the most sensitive for both systems. The smallest and therefore least sensitive bead sizes allowed measurement of doses of 1cGy using the TL system while that for the EPR system was approximately 1000cGy. The fading rate was found to be 10% 30 days after irradiation with both readout systems. The dose response is linear with measured dose over the dose range 1 to 2500cGy, with an R correlation coefficient of greater than 0.999. The batch-to-batch reproducibility of a set of dosimeters after a single irradiation was found to be 3% (1 SD). The reproducibility of individual dosimeters was found to be 1.7%. No measurable angular dependence was found (results agreed within 1%). Dose rate response was found to agree within 1% for dose rates of 100 to 600cGy/min. These results demonstrate the potential use of glass beads as TL dosimeters over the dose range commonly applied in radiotherapy. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
Jafari, SM
Bradley, DA
Alalawi, A
Clark, CH
Nisbet, A
Spyrou, NM
Gouldstone, CA
Sharpe, PHG
Jordan, TJ
Date : April 2014
DOI : 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2013.11.007
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:11
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 16:56

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