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Alternative Subcultures and Hate Crime

Garland, JM and Hodkinson, P (2014) Alternative Subcultures and Hate Crime In: The International Handbook of Hate Crime. Routledge, London, pp. 226-236.

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Abstract

The decision taken by Greater Manchester Police in 2013 to recognise attacks against members of alternative subcultures as hate crimes has reignited the debate regarding which groups are officially classified as hate crime victim groups and which are not. The case for including alternative subcultures under the hate crime rubric, and some of the key arguments against it, are debated within this chapter. We suggest that, although greater research is needed into the issue, various aspects of the victimisation of alternative subcultures appears to be comparable with that of recognised hate crime victim groups, including the frequency and nature of ‘low-’ and ‘high-level’ incidents, and their impact upon the victim and, crucially, those in their community. We also discuss some concerns about extending the concept of hate crime in this way, noting, for example, the possibility of ‘watering down’ the concept of hate crime by including groups that have not been historically marginalised in the manner that already recognised victim groups have. We also identify difficulties with defining exactly who can be categorised as ‘alternative’. We suggest that, if accepted, the inclusion of alternative subcultures may open the way for equally compelling claims from other targeted groups that do not currently fall under the hate crime umbrella which could, in turn, prompt more fundamental re-evaluations of the concept of hate crime itself.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Garland, JMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hodkinson, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 September 2014
Uncontrolled Keywords : Hate crime, Targeted victimisation, Goths, Alternative subcultures
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:11
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 13:11
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/805958

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