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‘F**king Freak! What the Hell Do You Think You Look Like?’: Experiences of Targeted Victimization Among Goths and Developing Notions of Hate Crime

Garland, Jon and Hodkinson, Paul (2014) ‘F**king Freak! What the Hell Do You Think You Look Like?’: Experiences of Targeted Victimization Among Goths and Developing Notions of Hate Crime The British Journal of Criminology, 54 (4). pp. 613-631.

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Abstract

Greater Manchester Police’s categorisation of targeted attacks on ‘alternative subculture’ members as hate crimes prompted extensive debate about whether such incidents are comparable to those of recognised hate crime groups. Hate crime experts have contributed to this debate but there is a lack of detailed empirical research on the subject. Drawing on qualitative interviews with twenty-one respondents mostly affiliated to the goth scene, this paper uncovers extensive experience of verbal harassment and, for some respondents, repeated incidents of targeted violence. The nature and impact of such experiences, we argue, bears comparison with key facets of hate crime. Such evidence informs and underlines the importance of conceptual arguments about whether hate crime can or should be extended beyond recognised minority groups.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Garland, Jonj.garland@surrey.ac.uk
Hodkinson, PaulP.Hodkinson@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 1 July 2014
Identification Number : 10.1093/bjc/azu018
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (ISTD). All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The British Journal of Criminology, following peer review. The version of record: Br J Criminol (2014) 54 (4): 613-631. doi: 10.1093/bjc/azu018 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azu018
Uncontrolled Keywords : Hate crime, targeted victimisation, harassment, identity, goth, alternative subcultures
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 12 Sep 2014 08:39
Last Modified : 13 Nov 2018 14:06
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/805956

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