“F**king Freak! What the hell do you think you look like?” Experiences of Targeted Victimisation Among Goths and Developing Notions of Hate Crime
Garland, JM and Hodkinson, P (2014) “F**king Freak! What the hell do you think you look like?” Experiences of Targeted Victimisation Among Goths and Developing Notions of Hate Crime The British Journal of Criminology, 54 (4). pp. 613-631.
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Greater Manchester Police’s categorisation of targeted attacks on ‘alternative subculture’ members as hate crimes prompted extensive debate about whether such incidents are comparable to those of recognised hate crime groups. Hate crime experts have contributed to this debate but there is a lack of detailed empirical research on the subject. Drawing on qualitative interviews with twenty-one respondents mostly affiliated to the goth scene, this paper uncovers extensive experience of verbal harassment and, for some respondents, repeated incidents of targeted violence. The nature and impact of such experiences, we argue, bears comparison with key facets of hate crime. Such evidence informs and underlines the importance of conceptual arguments about whether hate crime can or should be extended beyond recognised minority groups.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology|
|Date :||1 July 2014|
|Identification Number :||10.1093/bjc/azu018|
|Uncontrolled Keywords :||Hate crime, targeted victimisation, harassment, identity, goth, alternative subcultures|
|Additional Information :||© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (ISTD). All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The British Journal of Criminology following peer review. The version of record: Br J Criminol (2014) 54 (4): 613-631. doi: 10.1093/bjc/azu018 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azu018|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||12 Sep 2014 08:39|
|Last Modified :||01 Jul 2016 01:08|
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