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Quantitative Electroencephalography and Behavioural Correlates of Daytime Sleepiness in Chronic Stroke

Herron, K, Dijk, D, Dean, PJA, Seiss, E and Sterr, A (2014) Quantitative Electroencephalography and Behavioural Correlates of Daytime Sleepiness in Chronic Stroke BioMed Research Internationl, 2014, 794086.

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Abstract

Sleepiness is common after stroke, but in contrast to its importance for rehabilitation, existing studies focus primarily on the acute state and often use subjective sleepiness measures only. We used quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) to extract physiological sleepiness, as well as subjective reports, in response to motor-cognitive demand in stroke patients and controls. We hypothesised that (a) slowing of the EEG is chronically sustained after stroke; (b) increased power in lower frequencies and increased sleepiness are associated; and (c) sleepiness is modulated by motor-cognitive demand. QEEGs were recorded in 32 chronic stroke patients and 20 controls using a Karolinska Drowsiness Test protocol administered before and after a motor priming task. Subjective sleepiness was measured using the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale.The findings showed that power density was significantly increased in delta and theta frequency bands over both hemispheres in patients which were not associated with subjective sleepiness ratings. This effect was not observed in controls.The motor priming task induced differential hemispheric effects with greater increase in low-frequency bands and presumably compensatory increases in higher frequency bands. The results indicate sustained slowing in the qEEG in chronic stroke, but in contrast to healthy controls, these changes are not related to perceived sleepiness.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Herron, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dijk, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dean, PJAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Seiss, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sterr, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 6 May 2014
Identification Number : 10.1155/2014/794086
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 05 Jun 2014 12:23
Last Modified : 09 Jun 2014 13:58
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/805497

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