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Recycling concrete: An undiscovered source of ultrafine particles

Kumar, P and Morawska, L (2014) Recycling concrete: An undiscovered source of ultrafine particles Atmospheric Environment, 90. pp. 51-58.

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Abstract

While concrete recycling is practiced worldwide, there are many unanswered questions in relation to ultrafine particle (UFP; Dp < 100 nm) emissions and exposure around recycling sites. In particular: (i) Does recycling produce UFPs and in what quantities? (ii) How do they disperse around the source? (iii) What impact does recycling have on ambient particle number concentrations (PNCs) and exposure? (iv) How effective are commonly used dust respirators to limit exposure? We measured size-resolved particles in the 5–560 nm range at five distances between 0.15 and 15.15 m that were generated by an experimentally simulated concrete recycling source and found that: (i) the size distributions were multimodal, with up to ∼93% of total PNC in the UFP size range; and (ii) dilution was a key particle transformation mechanism. UFPs showed a much slower decay rate, requiring ∼62% more distance to reach 10% of their initial concentration compared with their larger counterparts in the 100–560 nm size range. Compared with typical urban exposure during car journeys, exposure decay profiles showed up to ∼5 times higher respiratory deposition within 10 m of the source. Dust respirators were found to remove half of total PNC; however the removal factor for UFPs was only ∼57% of that observed in the 100–560 nm size range. These findings highlight a need for developing an understanding of the nature of the particles as well as for better control measures to limit UFP exposure.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Kumar, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Morawska, LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : June 2014
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.03.035
Uncontrolled Keywords : Ultrafine particles, Construction and demolition, Concrete waste recycling, Particle size distribution, Particle number exposure, Particle exposure mask
Related URLs :
Additional Information : NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Atmospheric Environment. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Atmospheric Environment, 90, June 2014, DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.03.035.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 16 Apr 2014 10:39
Last Modified : 09 Jun 2014 13:58
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/805378

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